The problems in Caledonia, Ontario have flared up again recently. As a brief summary: a group of Six Nations (aboriginal) protestors are blocking construction on a new subdivision on claims the land is rightfully theirs.
This issue is very confusing. Yesterday I thought it was cut-and-dry against the protestors but today I’m not so sure. Check this out: INDEPTH: CALEDONIA LAND CLAIM: Historical timeline. Part of this history seems very bad for the protestors:
The land where the current development, Douglas Creek Estates, now sits is sold to George Marlot Ryckman for 57 pounds and 10 shillings and a Crown deed is issued to him.
Other parts, however, make it much more confusing. Apparently the original agreement, back in 1784, was for the Six Nations to take 385k hectares. 8 years later the Lt. Gov. apparently “reduces the land grant” to 111k hectares. It looks like there have been a lot of other adjustments to the “land grant” over the years by both parties.
Who is correct in this case? My (un-legally-educated) guess, based on the timeline above, is the protestors have no legal claim to that land. However, that isn’t to say they don’t have a political claim to make. They were obviously screwed in this, and most other, land-related issues throughout history.